by Michael Do
Many Americans still think the Vietnam War was unjust. They see Ho Chi Minh as a Vietnamese patriot whose only objective was the independence of his country. Thus, they believe that the US government sent combat troops to fight against Vietnam (or Vietnamese people) rather than the real enemies of the Free World.
This is to prove that the real enemies of the United States in the Vietnam War were the communists who embraced the Marxist ideology. This also proves that Ho Chi Minh was not a good guy as he maliciously disguised himself, but only a devil who heartlessly murdered hundreds of thousands of his fellow people in the name of Socialism and who launched the bloody war that resulted in 3 million deaths to serve the goal of Communist International.
Ho Chi Minh! What is his true identity?
Who were our true enemies?
Hồ Chí Minh was born Nguyễn Sinh Cung then Nguyen Tất Thành on May 19, 1890, in Nghệ An Province in the French protectorate of Annam (Central Vietnam). His father, Nguyễn Sinh Sắc, was dismissed from a low-ranking mandarin post for being drunk and beating to death a peasant. Ho used 175 different names during his lifetime to hide his real identity.
When young, he worked as a kitchen helper on the French merchant steamer, the Admiral de Latouche-Treville, that arrived in Marseille, France on July 5, 1911. He applied for admission to the French Colonial Administration School; but was rejected.
He then wandered around several countries, including the United States. Back in Paris, he joined the French Socialist Party and he claimed himself as one of the founders of the French Communist Party, part of the Third International.
In 1923, Ho left Paris for Moscow and studied at the Communist University of the Toilers of the East and participated in the Fifth Comintern Congress in June 1924 before arriving in Canton (present-day Guangzhou), China in November 1924. During this time, he used the name Ly Thuy. There, in Shanghai, Ho betrayed and sold Phan Boi Chau (the famous leader of a Vietnamese patriot revolutionary faction) to the French for 100,000 piasters that he later claimed he needed the money to establish the Communist Party.
In Hong Kong, Ho founded the Communist Party of Vietnam (October 1930), then renamed it the Communist Party of Indochina. He subsequently returned to the Soviet Union and served as a member of the inner circle of the Comintern.
In 1938, Ho returned to China and served as a major in the Chinese Red Army under the name Ho Quang, also a senior Comintern agent in charge of Asian affairs.
In 1941, Ho returned to Vietnam to lead the Viet Minh (League for Independence of Vietnam). Viet Minh was originally a coalition of many political movements with the founding charter more nationalist than communist.
Knowing that the title Communism would scare the people and he would lose the support of the international community, at the Second Congress of the Communist Party in 1951, Ho renamed the Communist Party to the Workers Party of Vietnam.
As the First Indochina War progressed, Ho and his Communist Party members gradually took control of the movement; they murdered or imprisoned the nationalist elements. In the countryside, the communist cadres carried out a terrorist campaign to force people to join or support them.
The Geneva Accords ended the war; Vietnam was divided into two countries with opposing political regimes.
In the north of the 17th parallel, Ho began to build socialism and continued the Land Reform Campaign (that began in 1953) that resulted in the death of about 172,000 peasants[i], plus hundreds of thousands of others were forced out of their villages to move to the remote highland.
In South Vietnam, the new President Ngo Đinh Diệm had to deal with a chaotic political situation caused by many factions loyal to the monarch or the warlords in the Mekong Delta.
Upon the birth of the Republic of Vietnam, tens of thousands of communists left behind began to operate in the countryside. They deterred or destroyed the successes of the development of the government; they used terror tactics to scare the people. Each year, about 4,000 innocent people were killed by communists throughout South Vietnam.
In December 1960, the Third Communist Party Congress declared 3 ultimate objectives: (1) The establishment of Socialism in North Vietnam, (2) The liberation of South Vietnam, and (3) The unification of the Nation.
The National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (NLF) was founded with the existing guerrillas in South Vietnam and more regular troops flooded to the south via the Ho Chi Minh trail.
In January 1961, the Central Committee of the Vietnamese Communist Party (VCP) established The Central Office of South Vietnam (COSVN) – Trung Ương Cục Miền Nam. This entity was the top leader and main decision-making body above the NLF. Its Standing Committee consisted of members of the Poli-bureau of the Vietnamese Communist Party who would lead the military activities and political struggle in South Vietnam. Le Duan, Nguyễn văn Linh (both later were the Party First Secretary) and Lê Đức Thọ (Chief negotiator at Paris Peace Talk), and Phạm Hùng (later Prime Minister) were among the top leaders of the COSVN.
What happened next? We already knew!