Category Archives: English Version

Ho Chi Minh! What is his true identity?

by Michael Do

Many Americans still think the Vietnam War was unjust. They see Ho Chi Minh as a Vietnamese patriot whose only objective was the independence of his country. Thus, they believe that the US government sent combat troops to fight against Vietnam (or Vietnamese people) rather than the real enemies of the Free World.

Ho Chi Minh and his master Mao Tse Tung

This is to prove that the real enemies of the United States in the Vietnam War were the communists who embraced the Marxist ideology.  This also proves that Ho Chi Minh was not a good guy as he maliciously disguised himself, but only a devil who heartlessly murdered hundreds of thousands of his fellow people in the name of Socialism and who launched the bloody war that resulted in 3 million deaths to serve the goal of Communist International.

Ho Chi Minh! What is his true identity?

Who were our true enemies?

Continue reading Ho Chi Minh! What is his true identity?

Vietnam War, Misunderstandings from the American Perspective

Michael Do

Next year, 2025, marks the bitter end of the Vietnam War; but still, there has been a lot of misunderstanding among the American public and the Vietnam War Veterans. Our ARVN (Army of the Republic of Vietnam) soldiers had sacrificed during the war. Still, they suffered the offense on social media, mostly due to the misinformation and the superiority complex of some people.

Their common mistakes about Vietnam are:

Continue reading Vietnam War, Misunderstandings from the American Perspective

My Band of Brothers

Michael Do

From my bunker, Aspirant Tĩnh walked toward the tent, cursing,

“The SOB thinks he was a general. What’s a fucking arrogant!.”

Sergeant Hung, who was sitting by me, approached the new guy and asked,

“What’s wrong, Aspirant? Who is arrogant?”

“That damned Lieutenant Phuc, the commander. He acts like a big boss.”

“ He is here with me. Look! He is drinking at the table. You may have seen someone else.”

“So, who is the Lieutenant in the bunker? I saw him with his rank insignia on his cap,”

We burst into a laugh! It was Vinh, the deserter laborer, who served as my helper and coiffer.

“I am sorry, Lieutenant. I did not notice you earlier. I think the guy down there is the commander since he talks to me like a boss.”

Continue reading My Band of Brothers

The Somber Year-End Days at Loc Ninh

Michael Do

Lieutenant Nguyen Van Quoc, the Operation Officer of the 8th Regiment, lifted the poncho that covered the bunker to look at the sky. Although it was almost noon, the fog descended more and more over time and caused a thick blanket that obscured the view of the base area. Seeing the head of the S-2 Intelligence Officer peeking out at the next bunker, Quoc grumbled,

“What the weather! How do the soldiers fight in this bad condition?”

“The enemies are in the same situation!”

“Maybe they are fucking their bitches in that forest! Who knows?”

The two officers dressed up, walked to the TOC, and continued the chat.

Continue reading The Somber Year-End Days at Loc Ninh

The First New Year’s Victory

Michael Do

“Raise the Flag on the ThPong Vietnam Village before the Sunrise! An Audacious Determination on Battlefield in Cambodia.”

Captain Nguyen Chi Hien led the battalion in a triumphal return to Lai Khe.

That was the big headline run on the front page of all Saigon newspapers on the first days of the Tân Hợi lunar new year to celebrate the victory of the 4/8th Battalion at Snuol, Cambodia.

The truth is the battle began at sunrise and quickly ended in the afternoon. Although it was a short battle, it marked the first brilliant victory of the ARVN on the battlefield outside the frontier.

Continue reading The First New Year’s Victory

A Day in the Iron Triangle Secret Zone

Michael Do

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Ngả Năm Chuồng Chó

Kien[1] Base was built in the middle of the Iron Triangle secret zone about two kilometers from the small town of Ben Cat. The Iron Triangle is a small part of the larger triangle between the Thi Tinh River on the east and the Saigon River on the west. The acute angle is the meeting point of two rivers at Ben Cat.

On the north side, a dirt road from Ben Cat bridge ran along the river to Dau Tieng and farther to the Cambodian border. This had been, for decades, the supply route of the enemies to many famous secret zones such as war zones D, Long Nguyen, Boi Loi, Ho Bo, and Tam Giac Sat (Iron Triangle), to name a few!

Continue reading A Day in the Iron Triangle Secret Zone

Serve with Honor and Pride

Michael Do

Si Vis Pacem, Para Bellum[1]

The history of Vietnam is the history of a ceaseless struggle over four thousand years to survive harsh conditions and constant threats from foreign invasions. Vietnamese are peace-loving people but were pushed into a dangerous situation of extinction. They had to fight and became the finest and most experienced combatants in the South East Asia region in order to maintain their independence and conserve their distinguished culture.  

Continue reading Serve with Honor and Pride

The Rocket City

Michael Do

The helicopters were hovering about four feet above the ground to drop the 2nd Platoon. Aspirant Chieu and the men of his 2nd Platoon quickly jumped out and spread thin in all directions to set up a security perimeter for the LZ. My CP and the 4th Platoon were in the 3rd round. Last was the 1st Platoon.

In this part of War Zone C. northwest of Lai Khe, our division base, no pocket of grassland was large enough for an ideal landing zone. We landed right on the pathway cleared by the Rome Plows of the 169th US Engineer Battalion. The Americans used giant armored bulldozers (a.k.a. Rome Plows) to create crossed pathways in the dense forest and jungle. From above, the forest looked like a large chest table or a grid formed by squares of the size 100 by 100 meters each.

Continue reading The Rocket City

My First Real Battle: Dong Xoai

Michael Do

I have been with the 5th ID, 4/8 Battalion for ten months and have experienced only some minor contact with the enemies until now.

The National Route 13, starting from Saigon, went to Binh Duong, An Loc, and Loc Ninh, then continued to the Snuol district of Cambodia. The alpha base was the last military post of ARVN on the south side of the border. About five kilometers north of Binh Duong, the route split at Nga Tu So. From there, the 13-bis route ran to Phu Giao, Dong Xoai, Bunard, and Phuoc Binh, the capital city of Phuoc Long Province.

Continue reading My First Real Battle: Dong Xoai

The Apprentice

Michael Do

Aspirant Lo Duc Tan grabbed my hand, and shouted as he pulled me down to the ground:

“Lie down. Dig in or run to that gravestone. They are shelling the mortars.”

The company was approaching Ap Nha Viet. We walked in two columns past a local cemetery and were detected by the enemy’s reconnaissance.

A fresh new graduate from the military school, I was like an apprentice who could not detect the sound of the departing mortar shells from a far distance. I even could not distinguish the sound of the mortar from that of a cannon. In great confusion, what I could do was react to what Tan said.

Boom, boom, boom…

Continue reading The Apprentice

Mom Won’t Be Home Tonight

Michael Do

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My battalion had just finished the supplementary training at Huynh Van Luong Training Center. Then, it was ordered to get ready for a sudden operation at Dau Tieng, Tri Tam District. We were attached to the Armored Cavalry Regiment of the US 1st Infantry Division (the Big Red One). From the training center, we were transported to Ben Tranh village, next to the famous Michelin rubber plantation. The American regiment had been at the gate of the training center with dozens of heavy tanks and APCs[1].

As an XO[2] of the company, I had to go with the 3rd Platoon of Aspirant Phuong. We mounted on the APCs, one squad each. The M-113 APC was designed to carry infantrymen in its hull. However, the wall and floor made of aluminum alloy could not stand the explosion of the enemy’s B-41 RPG[3]. The heat caused by the first RPG explosion could melt the wall to make way for the warhead to penetrate, and boom! Nothing would survive!

Continue reading Mom Won’t Be Home Tonight

Zien Hong Campaign

Three Months with the Regional Forces’ Soldiers.

Michael Do

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The Quang Tri Military Sector conference room was crowded with about thirty men eager to receive their assignment orders. They were new officers who had recently graduated from Thu Duc Infantry School and six cadets from Polwar College. They would soon depart to six sub-sectors to work closely with the RF and PF soldiers in the next three months. They were members of a political campaign vital to the republic’s destiny during the great turning point of its history.

It has been more than two years since we entered Polwar College. Now that it was the end of our long journey of tough military training and an academic curriculum. We were very excited, waiting for a beautiful day to earn the final reward as newly commissioned officers of the Vietnamese Armed Forces.

Continue reading Zien Hong Campaign

Love transformed me into a daredevil!

Michael Do

Dalat was famous for its beautiful hilly landscape and mild climate throughout the year. Dalat was also well-known because it was home to the ARVN’s three most important military schools: The National Military Academy, the Polwar College, and the Staff and Command College.

The Polwar College was located on a low hill north of the city. On the other side of the narrow street Vo Tanh, on the other hill, there was a school for girls – the Bui Thi Xuan High School.

The first class of Polwar cadets arrived at Dalat in May 1967 after four months of basic training at Thu Duc Infantry School. Every Monday morning, two hundred young men of the Polwar cadet battalion in their dress uniforms fell into formation in front of the headquarters building to perform the flag-raising ceremony. At the same time, hundreds of young girls in purple Vietnamese dresses stood at attention to observe the same ritual.

Continue reading Love transformed me into a daredevil!

The 5th Infantry Division

Michael Do

There were eleven infantry divisions in the Army of the Republic of Vietnam. The 1st, the 2nd, the 3rd (belonged to the I Corps/ 1st Military Region); the 22nd and the 23rd (II Corps/ 2nd MR); the 5th, the 18th, and the 25th (III Corps/ 3rd MR); and the 7th, the 9th, and the 21st (IV Corps/ 4th MR).

Initially, the 5th ID was founded in the far north of Vietnam. During the First Indochina War, the French army recruited its soldiers from the Nung ethnicity to form groups to patrol the Vietnamese-Chinese border. Nung people speak Guangdong Chinese with a particular accent. Many fled China after the Chinese Communists seized power in 1949. Their commanding officer was Colonel Vong A Sang, who later became the first commander of the 5th ID.

Continue reading The 5th Infantry Division

Remembering the ARVN

A collection of Patches, Badges, Insignia, Medals, Decorations of the Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces.

A Collection of the Patches, Badges, Insignia, Decorations and Medals of the Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces (1955-1975). It took the author almost 30 years to collect, rework, touch up thousands of images. We made this collection to dedicate to the members of the ARVN who fought persistently and bravely in Vietnam War. This work is also to pass down to the next generations the legacy of suffering but courage of the soldiers of South Vietnam Armed Forces.The book is 210 pages with more than 3000 colorful images including a photo album of the ARVN typical activities.

Contact: [email protected], or 512-437-1193

Now available on

Vietnamization from the Perspective of a Vietnamese Infantryman

The Vietnamization from the Perspective of a Vietnamese Infantryman

Michael Do , Ex-Captain, 5th Infantry Division, ARVN

Chronicle of Vietnam War

1945 – 1954: The 1st Indochina War between Viet Minh and the French ended with the partition of Vietnam according to the Geneva Accords.

1954-1960: Guerrilla war unleashed by left-behind communist cadres in rural Vietnam

1960: The creation of the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam (NFL) at the 3rd Vietnamese Communist Party Assembly.

Continue reading Vietnamization from the Perspective of a Vietnamese Infantryman

Vietnam Is Facing the Clear and Imminent Threat of Chinese Colonization

Vietnam Is Facing the Clear and Imminent Threat of Chinese Colonization

By Michael Do

Bordering a hostile, ambitious neighbor, the trouble seems to be endless.

China is the world’s most populous country, with a population of over 1.38 billion. It covers approximately 9.6 million square kilometers (the world’s second-largest country by land area). Compared to China, Vietnam with a population of 94.5 million and an area of 331,210 sq. km, is a tiny David beside the giant Goliath 30 times larger in the area and 15 times more populous. Continue reading Vietnam Is Facing the Clear and Imminent Threat of Chinese Colonization

Peace Movements in South Vietnam in Mid-1960s

1967 Peace Movements in South Vietnam in Mid-1960s

(Các Phong Trào Hoà Bình tại Miền Nam Việt Nam)

Michael Do’s Paper presented at the 2017 Institute for Peace and Conflict Conference. The Vietnam Center and Archive, Texas Tech University, April 27 – 29, 2017

“The failure of the Vietnam War can be accounted for by many factors. Of which, the anti-war movements both in the US and in South Vietnam were the most important events that had enormous influence on the US policy and the international view. Continue reading Peace Movements in South Vietnam in Mid-1960s

For Many US Veterans, the Vietnam War Continues

Greg Flakus. May 23, 2016 7:41 AM


“And it’s one, two, three; what are we fighting for? Don’t ask me, I don’t give a damn. Next stop is Vietnam!”

Those words seemed to echo out of a distant past ahead of U.S. President Barack Obama’s visit to Vietnam, a country with which the United States now maintains good relations as well as important trade ties. Continue reading For Many US Veterans, the Vietnam War Continues

Heroes of the Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces


Some uncountable heroes fought bravely in the Vietnam War. Many of them gave their lives, and their blood to the noble cause defending the nation’s independence and the ideology of freedom and democracy. Particularly, on the last days of South Vietnam, hundreds of soldiers chose to take their own lives instead of surrendering to their enemies. Of those, the most admired are: Continue reading Heroes of the Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces

The World Should Know – Tet Mau Than Massacre – Hue 1968

The World Should KnowHUE

Paper presented at the 6th Triennial Vietnam Symposium at The Vietnam Center, Texas Tech University. March 14, 2008

By Michael Do, BA, BS, MS

The following is Michael Do’s illustration to his slide show.

Thank, Dr. Reckner, for your kind introduction. I was here at Lubbock two times (in 2001 Conference and 2002 Symposium). This time, I will talk about the Mau Than Massacre at Hue in 1968. Continue reading The World Should Know – Tet Mau Than Massacre – Hue 1968

Human Rights don’t come from Begging

(Short remark by Michael Do at the Human Right Torch Lightening Ceremony at the Texas Capitol at 1:30, Sunday April 20, 2008)HR34

Dear fellow Chinese, Tibetans, and Oppressed people,

Everyday, as we wake up looking through the window to see the blue sky, how many of us would appreciate the freedom and democracy that throughout the history of this young nation, thousands of brave men and women have given their lives to struggle for?

Yes indeed, we are the happiest people on this planet. Millions of others still live in persecution and oppression in scores of countries where Communism and dictatorship reign. Continue reading Human Rights don’t come from Begging


P4(at Red Lion Hotel, Austin, July 29, 1994)

Dear officers,

I am very glad to have this opportunity to speak to the outstanding officers from the Police Departments of the State of Texas. Vietnamese culture is a broad subject that cannot be discussed within a limited time, so I will try to focus on some important points that you are concerned about while dealing with Vietnamese youth gangs. Continue reading SPEECH TO POLICE OFFICERS AT CENTRAL TEXAS GANG UNITS CONFERENCE

In Memoriam of the Late President Ngo Dinh Diem

Fifty-two years agoNowest 001, on November 1st, 1963, Mr. Ngo Dinh Diem, the first President of the Republic of Vietnam, was violently murdered by a group of Generals in a coup d’etat. Mr. Ngo, a revolutionist,  and politician who was one of the most respected statesmen of the Free World,  was appointed Prime Minister in 1954. He then assumed his presidency in 1955 and led South Vietnam to peaceful prosperity in 9 years, despite the insurgency of the Vietcong (founded, led, and supported by the North Vietnamese Communist Party). Continue reading In Memoriam of the Late President Ngo Dinh Diem

Confucianism as an Ethical Philosophy

By Michael DoConfucious

Confucianism is another common name of the Ju philosophy that has dominated Chinese social and political life for more than 25 centuries. It has occupied an important place, which is considerable to that of religion in China as well as many other Asian countries. Therefore, eighty percent of the Chinese people say that their religion is Confucianism when asked. Confucianism is indeed a system of ethical and political teachings, for its concerns are “man” and the relationship between men in a society. Lester Mondale, in his book “The Enduring Humanism of Confucianism,” says: “First for him [Confucius] was humankind, and first among his concerns for humankind was this life.” (p. 34) Continue reading Confucianism as an Ethical Philosophy